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ADA PARKING SIGNS – MAKE SURE YOUR PARKING LOT IS COMPLIANT

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a law that protects the civil rights of person’s with disabilities. The ADA sets criteria for newly constructed parking lots as well as any lots that are being altered or updated. By law, all public parking lots should meet ADA requirements. These requirements are know as the ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG). The ADAAG is the basis for the standards that are maintained by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT). The DOJ and DOT standards are what the public is required to follow. State laws add further detail (including fines) to the standards. Here’s how to make sure your parking lots meet the ADA standards..

  • Number of Parking Spaces (ADAAG 4.6.1 and 4.1.2(5)(a)
    To determine the minimum number of required accessible parking spaces, use the table shown below.
  • Location of ADA Signs (ADAAG 4.6.2)
    Accessible parking spaces serving a particular building should be located on the shortest accessible route from the ADA parking space to an accessible entrance. In parking facilities that don’t serve a particular building, accessible parking should be located on the shortest accessible route of travel to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility. In buildings with multiple accessible entrances with adjacent parking, accessible parking spaces should be dispersed and located closet to the accessible entrances.
  • Size of Parking Spaces (ADAAG 4.6.3 and 4.1.2)
    Accessible Parking Spaces should be at least 96” wide. Parking access aisles between vehicles should be a minimum 60” wide. Two accessible parking spaces can share the same 60” access aisle. Van accessible parking spaces should have an access aisle of 96” wide.
  • ADA (Handicapped) Parking Signs (ADAAG 4.6.4)
    According to the ADA Accessibility Guidelines, any parking space reserved for the disabled should be marked using ADA Signs (also known as handicap signs) showing the symbol of accessibility. In addition, any van accessible parking spaces should have a supplemental "Van Accessible" ADA Sign mounted below the other ADA signage. Many states now have their own state specific handicap parking signs that are either posted alone or in combination with other supplemental handicapped signs. Those states that don't specify their own ADA handicapped signs use Federal ADA Signs instead. The ADA parking signs should be mounted so that they aren’t blocked from view from the vehicle in the ADA parking space.
  • State Specific ADA Signs
    Many states now have their own state specific handicap parking signs that are either posted alone or in combination with other supplemental handicapped signs. These State Specific ADA Signs post additional information including fines and penalties for parking in a handicapped space illegally. The states that currently have their own specific ADA signs include Arizona, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin. Those states that don't specify their own ADA handicapped signs use Federal ADA Signs instead.
  • Sign Materials:
    Champion America offers ADA signs in flexible recycled plastic, super durable steel, rustproof aluminum, or easy-to-see reflective aluminum. Reflective aluminum handicapped signs increase visibility and safety at night and are ideal in areas with many older drivers. The MUTCD (Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices) recommends that all regulatory signs, including ADA parking signs be reflective.